Bright yellow crocus and other early blooming plants will soon announce that spring is on its way. If you do not have crocus in your garden be sure to plant some next Fall.
Planting season continues for dormant trees, shrubs, roses. You may plant some vegetable seeds such as collards and Swiss chard as well as vegetable transplants including cabbage, onions, lettuce, broccoli, Brussels spouts, and strawberries.
Prepare beds for summer annuals.
Fertilize fruit trees, fertilize grape at half rate now and half after fruit sets.
Spray shrubs with fungicide before new growth starts.
Watch for red Spider Lilies to appear like magic this month. You will see them in yards, along roads, in pastures, at old house places, and in some surprising places. They seem to strive on neglect!
Fruits and Nuts–New catalogs will be arriving soon. Start plans for future selection and planting. Take soil test for new planting areas. Fertilize established strawberry plantings.
Shrubs–Study landscape to determine plant needs. check early varieties of camellias. You may want to replace those damaged in spring by late freezes. After fall growth is completed, spray all shrubs with a fungicide.
Lawns–Plant seed of winter grasses where situation prevents planting permanent grasses. Winter seeds will appear soon. Stop fertilization three weeks before first frost.
Roses–Protect fall crops of blossoms from aphids and thrips. Keep plants health.
Annuals and Perennials–Last chance for planting perennials and biennials. Old clumps of perennials may be divided. Plant peonies.
Bulbs–Spring flowering bulbs may be planted late this month in North Alabama. Delay planting in South Alabama.
Miscellaneous–Clean up infestations of insects on azaleas, camellias, boxwoods, gardenias, hollies, etc. If oil spray is needed, don’t use in freezing weather. Build compost bin or box; leaves will be falling soon. Move houseplants indoors.
Vegetable Seed–Plant hardy vegetables and root crops.
April is the time to take a drive and enjoy the azaleas that will be blooming throughout the month. With the wonderful spring weather we are all ready to get outside and work in our flower gardens and get the vegetable gardens started. Just be sure to wait until after the last average frost for your area to set out those summer annuals and tender vegetables.
Fruits and Nuts–Start spray program for all fruits. Plant raspberries and blackberries.
Shrubs–Fertilize azaleas and camellias. When new growth is half-completed, spray all shrubs with a fungicide.
Roses–Watch for insects and diseases. Remove old flower heads. Plant container-grown plants.
Bulbs–Plant gladiolus, fancy-leaved caladiums, milk and wine lilies and ginger and gloriosa lilies.
Miscellaneous–On camellias and hollies look for scale insects and spray if necessary. Carefully water newly planted of shrubs and trees.
Summer annuals may be set out late this month in central and southern parts of Alabama.
Vegetable seed–Plant tender vegetables such as beans, corn, squash, melons and cucumbers.
Vegetable plants–Plant tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, sweet potatoes and parsley.
Decorating with fresh greenery from your landscape is easy and a great way to bring the outside in. AND, oh yes, it is basically free! Many evergreens hold up well for a week to 10 days inside your home. If you place the stems in water and place them outside on your porch they will often last weeks during the cool days of our fall and winter.
There are many landscape and forest plants that perform well including pine, cedar, magnolia, juniper, wax myrtle, pittosporum, nandina, Leyland cypress, arborvitae, ivy and holly of all types. If you don’t know which plants perform well and which don’t, experiment with them ahead of your event.
You will need clippers to cut the greenery and a bucket of water to place them in as you cut. You may need to split the hard stems or bash with a hammer to open up the stems so they will absorb more water. You may want to rinse the greenery before letting it sit overnight in a cool place to absorb water.
Many evergreens like pine, cedar and magnolia leaves will hold up for several days without water but putting them in a container with water will prolong their life.
Adding springs of fresh greenery to florist flowers is inexpensive and will transform simple cut flowers into holiday decorations. You may add greenery along your mantle or banister, in the branches of your chandelier, around a holiday decoration and many other places in your home.
Caution: some plants and berries may be toxic to people and pets.
For more information on using fresh greenery check out Holiday Decorating with Fresh Greenery from Clemson Cooperative Extension. This publication has great pictures, more detailed information and even directions to make your own kissing ball.
This month many flowers and perennials are looking their best. Enjoy the flowers and get those annuals and vegetables planted. Many iris varieties are blooming this month and come in a variety of colors including a peachy pink.
Shrubs–Newly planted shrubs need extra care now and in coming weeks. Don’t forget to water them.
Roses–Spray for insects and diseases. Fertilize monthly based on soil test. Container-grown plants in flower may be planted now. Prune climbing roses after the first big flush of flowering.
Bulbs–Summer bulbs started in containers can be planted now. Don’t remove foliage from spring flowering bulbs. Do not let seedheads form on tulips and other spring flowering bulbs.
Vegetables–Plant seedlings of tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, sweet potatoes, vegetable seeds.
Even with the cold temperatures in late winter is your garden showing signs of the coming spring? Have your crocuses and daffodils announced themselves yet? Do you have lenten rose blooming and buds on your old garden quince? If not, you should consider planting these and you will be excited when they show up and tell you that Spring really is on the way!
A simple cold frame as pictured here is used asa miniature greenhouse to protect tender plants from cold, grow plants such as lettuce, spinach, and radishes through the winter and to start transplants for spring gardens. The cold frame pictured was built by a Master Gardener from lumber and has a recycled glass storm door for the cover. Some are built from concrete blocks. In very cold weather an old quilt, blanket or straw can be used to cover it and help hold the heat. Some gardeners use a remote thermometer to check the temperature. When we have warm days the top will need to be propped open to regulate the temperature.